Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting System (ARFF)
Fires can start at many locations in an aircraft: - in the turbine
- underneath the aircraft due to kerosene spillage
- in the undercarriage
- in the cargo hold
- in the tight cabin (e.g. luggage compartments, in the rows of seats or in the on-board kitchen)
Every aircraft fire simulator is as versatile as possible. For example, surface fires, fires in cargo areas, fires inside the cabin, turbine, wing or hull fires can be simulated. This allows training for different accident scenarios.
Spilled and ignited kerosene are amongst the most dangerous situations when fighting aircraft fires. The Dräger training areas for fighting liquid fires (spillage fires) offer ideal conditions for implementing the ideal extinguishing strategy.
Dräger supports its customers by implementing the ICAO requirements for airport fire departments with regard to the training scenarios for aircraft fire fighting.
Dräger gas-operated fire simulation systems are designed in accordance with the requirements of DIN 14097-2 Fire training systems - part 2: Gas-operated simulation devices. The systems also have additional safety features:
- A water-operated sprinkler cooling system for the outer hull triggers automatically as soon as external and surface fire locations are switched on.
- The simulator is anchored to withstand the load of the fire fighters and machines and the force of the water jet from fire trucks.
- For remote diagnosis in case of failures the system can be equipped with a modem.
For the simulation system Dräger builds the aircraft type chosen by the customer or a combination of different aircraft types - also at original scale.
The search for injured people and the evacuation of passengers, e.g. down an emergency slide, can also be trained in the systems. The interiors of the aircraft can be filled completely with smoke and fitted with a tilted level to simulate an aircraft in a lateral position.