Dräger Swede Survival System Phase 1 - Flashover Development Observation
With today’s improved fire prevention methods, firefighters have fewer opportunities to gain first-hand experience of fighting live fires. The proven Swede Survival Phase 1 System trains firefighters to recognize conditions that lead up to a deadly flashover event and learn techniques to delay this phenomenon—in a controlled, repeatable setting.
Class A Swede Survival Systems combine purpose-built training units with Dräger-certified instructional programs that train firefighters on fire behavior. As a result, you can continually build the capabilities and confidence of firefighters.
At Dräger, we believe in a progressive learning process when teaching the characteristics of fire. Our instructional program can be traced to the multi-phased live fire training program developed by the Swedish Rescue Services Agency in Skovde, Sweden.
The wood-fueled Phase 1 system is essentially a laboratory where firefighters can closely observe fire behavior and learn to recognize the warning signs of a flashover. The upper compartment is the burn chamber. The observation level, which is 3 feet below the fire floor, gives firefighters a safe vantage point for observing the stages of fire as it progresses to flashover.
This proven system is also designed to reinforce the proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and teach methods for testing and cooling the environment to delay the onset of a flashover.
With proper maintenance, Phase 1 systems have been known to withstand more than 1000 training sessions.
If the burn chamber eventually becomes unstable due to heavy use, it is designed to be replaced, continuing the service life of the unit.
The walls and ceiling of the burn chamber and walls of the observation chamber are lined with high temperature insulation material that is protected behind a seal-welded layer of 11-gauge steel. This protects the structural integrity of the container from the grueling temperature swings the container will undergo. The burn chamber includes a baffle system to control the heat and gases and is designed for sheets of Oriented Strand Board (OSB) to be placed along the walls, ceiling, and doors.
The Swede Survival Phase 1 System is an indispensable component to any fire training curriculum because it allows participants to witness real fire characteristics under the supervision and direction of certified instructors. Flashover is considered to be one of the most dangerous fire phenomena a firefighter can experience. The instructors will demonstrate the fire characteristics that lead up to a flashover, including:
- Changing smoke conditions
- Thermal layering
- Heat build-up
Participants will learn to recognize these conditions and how to address them to delay the onset of a flashover—gaining valuable seconds for escape, while minimizing risk in the area of the fire.
The Dräger Swede Survival Phase 1 System includes a two-day train-the-trainer workshop. This workshop is conducted by instructors who have extensive experience training various evolutions in the Dräger Swede Survival Systems. This training and certification process ensures that your instructors become thoroughly familiar with the safe and effective use of the training system.
Included in the training is a 4-hour classroom session designed to deliver an extensive background on flashover conditions and fully prepare the participants for the subsequent real fire observation in the flashover chamber.
Before entering the chamber, participants will have a comprehensive understanding of the design and purpose of the flashover container, simulation techniques, safety standards, and detailed training expectations.
Participants receive expert instruction on firefighter roles during the actual observation exercise and what tools will be used during the simulation—including nozzle techniques and proper use of thermal imaging cameras to assess the fire.
Every trainee gets to practice as an instructor during the practical training. A mandatory test at the conclusion of the classroom session verifies that participants are prepared for the observation segment of the training. Training on methods of tear-down and set-up for subsequent evolutions are also part of every session—all are included with purchase of a Swede Phase 1 system.
Swede Phase 1 flashover training is designed to meet Job Performance Requirements listed in NFPA 1001 Firefighter 1 directives.
- 20-foot long observation chamber
- 10-foot long burn chamber
- 2-day training course for up to 10 instructors
- Instructor manuals and standard operating procedures (SOPs)
- Instructors receive Certification to Instruct the Dräger Curriculum upon completion
- Certified instructors
- Ignition sources
- Fire behavior
- Formation of fire gases
- Fire control
- Container operations
- Heat stress
- SCBA and safety equipment training
- Thermal imaging camera usage
- Heat stress management
- Recognition of pre-flashover conditions
- Smoke and ventilation exercises
- Nozzle techniques
- Container management
- Overall safety
- Mobile structure
- Custom paint colors and logos
- Emergency vent hatch in burn chamber
- Replacement burn chamber
- Temperature monitoring
Swede Survival (Phase 1) Product Information, en-us
(Acrobat .PDF) Phase 1, Flashover Development Observation
Swede Survival Brochure, en-us
(Acrobat .PDF) Dräger Swede Survival Live Fire Training in class “A” container systems
Whitepaper: Obtaining Training Equipment Through AFG
(Acrobat .PDF) This whitepaper explains the purpose of the FEMA Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG) program and outlines the kinds of equipment that it typically covers. The focus of this paper is on training systems, which can represent a substantial capital expenditure to fire departments and colleges. The discussion describes the various Dräger Class A and Class B training systems that are eligible for an AFG grant, and incudes tips on how to maximize the success of your grant application.