In early preterm neonates (less than 28 gestational weeks [GW]), birth constitutes a nutritional emergency in which the neonate has high nutritional needs that are difficult to meet***. One contributing factor to the nutritional emergency is the relatively undeveloped gastrointestinal system of premature neonates that limits their ability to utilize enteral nutrition. During this module we will focus on Anatomy and Physiology of the GIT system of a newborn and possible deceases that may affect outcome of premature infants. We will highlight the importance of colostrum and breastmilk and feeding in the NICU.
The lecture will be presented by Linda Pretorius, Developmental Care Consultant, South Africa.
*** Harding JE, Cormack BE, Alexander T, Alsweiler JM, and Bloomfield FH (2017) Advances in nutrition of the newborn infant. Lancet 389:1660-1668
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