Prevent intubation as long as possible because…
• Patients with mechanically-assisted ventilation could develop ventilator-associated-pneumonia (VAP)
• Patients with VAP could have a significantly longer ICU and hospital length of stay
• The treatment of VAP may account for almost half of all antibiotics administered in ICUs
NIV is often possible before intubation is required. This helps avoid the potential complications of invasive ventilation, which can reduce the length of stay, and may decrease mortality in the ICU.